Kakhuri Mtsvane (Mtsvane means new, young and green) is a grape variety unique to Georgia. It should be considered as quite an old grapevine variety, it even seems to be older than Rkatsiteli. Mtsvane is the best among the white grapevine varieties of Kakheti. It is regarded as sensitive to its environment, demanding attentive cultivation.
Kakhuri Mtsvane is used to make white wine. When vinified in a European style, the young dry, white wine often has a greenish- straw tinge
Rkatsiteli, the name means “red stem” (rka=vine cane; tsiteli=red) It is the leading white grape variety to Georgia. Rkatsiteli – is the native grapevine species of Kakheti. It originates from the domesticated species of the Alazani valley and provides high quality production for making European and Kakhetian type white table wines as well as strong and dessert wines. Because Rkatsiteli has relatively quiet aromatics. It is also a good source of table grape for local consumption.
Saperavi, meaning “something to color with,” or “to dye”. It is leading and traditional red grape variety in Georgia, very old and the most widely planted.
The diversity of clones and varities of Saperavi attests to the ancient nature of the grape.
Saperavi – one of the best representatives in the world red wine assortment. Particularly, the high quality table red wine produced from Saperavi in its homeland in Kakheti.
Both traditional and European methods are used.
There is no available information about the origin of the name. It grows in eastern Georgia, especially in Kakheti. Khikhvi is a local less-spread standardized variety of vine providing high quality table white wine, and, in some microdistricts, good quality dessert wine. It is a grape that deserves greater attention.
The light wines appear both in European and Qvevri versions;
Kisi is indigenous to Kakheti. It is a less distributed grapevine variety of Kakheti. Notwithstanding the high quality of wine it can produce, it became almost extinct by the 2000, a result of the preference for Rkatsiteli. Further, it is bit trickier to grow. Is made both in the European and Georgian manner. Occasionally it is fortified.
The company Vazisubani Estate produces two brands: Qvevri wines of Vazisubani Estate and the new brand Georgian Sun, which is the new direction for the brand makers. Vazisubani Estate is presented by the unfiltered dry wines made by qvevri traditional technology: Kisi, Khikhvi, Rqatsiteli, Kakhuri Mtsvane and Saperavi. Qvevri is the traditional clay vessel used by Georgians during the centuries for processing the grape juice. The wine making in qvevri started in Georgia 8 000 years ago and Georgians managed to keep tradition up to present days. In 2013 Georgia’s unique traditional method of fermenting wine in qvevri was registered on the Intangible Cultural Heritage list of the UNESCO, showing to the world this method is unique. It is worth admitting that recently influential British newspaper The Independent named the best 14 wines of Eastern Europe. From Georgia among the bests was named qvevri-made Saperavi by Vazisubani Estate.